Center for Transportation Public-Private Partnership Policy

Summary

The Center for Transportation Public-Private Partnership Policy (TP3 Policy Center) mission is to advance research, education and public service in the understanding of public-private partnership policy in the transportation sector.

U.S. transportation funding, financing and program delivery are changing rapidly and the Center exists to support sound policy research and education in response to a host of evolving critical transportation infrastructure needs.

Our fundamental objectives are to supply case studies, graduate and executive education, and research that advance sound policy. Well-informed elected officials, agency personnel, and community leaders are particularly critical when needs are multiplying and budgets are not. The Center, located three miles from the U.S. Capitol in Arlington, Virginia, is able to bring together commercial, government and legislative stakeholders with academics and graduate students to accelerate transportation solutions.

Information

Website:  p3policy.gmu.edu  Library of P3 Center Research    LinkedIn   Facebook   Twitter:@p3policy

Email:  p3policy@gmu.edu
Phone:  703-993-2275
Address:  3351 Fairfax Dr.
Arlington, VA 22201

Why George Mason University?

Why George Mason University? Since its inception, transportation policy research and education have been a central focus of Mason’s School of Policy, Government, and International Affairs, including the domains of finance, planning, engineering and public policy. Areas of expertise include finance, planning, policy institutional issues, mega-regions, network analysis, intelligent transportation systems, geographic information systems, civil engineering, urban and regional planning, political science and public administration. Graduate students are enrolled in the School’s Ph.D. in Public Policy and Master’s in Transportation Policy, Operations and Logistics degree programs, as well as Master’s programs in International Commerce and Policy, and in Public Policy.

About the Center

The Center houses a rich set of P3 resources for research, and executive and graduate study.The Center’s staff is active in the vigorous ongoing debate about transportation P3s in Virginia, in the national capital region, nationally and internationally. A two-year calendar of forums, workshops and roundtable discussions is filling with topics requested by corporate partners, transportation officials, and global experts. Research projects are underway on a wide range of topics, including: P3s and air rights, P3 data practices and needs, renegotiation of P3s, multimodal P3s, and financial market structure. Center scholars regularly publish and present their work in leading journals and conferences. And the Center is serving as a hub of forward-looking thought and activity in just its first two years.

The coming year will see the expansion of our base of support to include private sector sponsors and stakeholders, both commercial and not-for-profit. This is critical to the engagement of their expertise and responsiveness to their challenges, whether as experienced leaders or pioneering entities.

We will also continue to use graduate and executive education to expand the workforce pipeline of knowledgeable executives, skilled staff, visionary career professionals and talented researchers.

Of particular interest to the Center is how to make this website your best transportation P3 resource. Please share the most important P3 policy issues from your perspective and tell us what resources matter most to you.

While many see a transportation world in crisis, we seek to address both the opportunities and challenges inherent in our work and in our era. Visit the Center’s website often and join us in advancing solutions.

Program Description

The Center for Transportation Public-Private Partnership Policy was launched with the support of the Commonwealth of Virginia to develop advanced research and education in this rapidly evolving field. Virginia is a leader in innovative finance in the U.S. – the Commonwealth’s 1995 Public-Private Transportation Act (PPTA) was one of the first state laws of its type. Virginia’s program has continued to expand with major facility improvements throughout the state as evidence of its impact.

Public sector resources can no longer keep pace with the maintenance, rehabilitation, and improvement needs of the nation’s transportation infrastructure. Public-private partnerships (P3s) can supplement and leverage scarce public funding and can deliver significant infrastructure improvements and associated public benefits through the innovation, efficiency and capital resources available in the private sector.

Barriers to adoption of P3s, however, include valid concerns about balancing public and private benefits and risks. Numerous misconceptions also hamper their progress. Better information and objective analysis are needed to assist public decision-makers as they pursue supplements to traditional funding sources. Targeted education for administrators, elected officials and the public about transportation P3 policy is essential.

The Center, which is housed within the Schar School of Policy and Government at George Mason University in Arlington, Virginia, is dedicated to advancing objective consideration of transportation P3s through research, education and public service. Its work includes:

  • Objective P3 education and outreach for transportation reporters and media, DBE and SWaM owners, and state resource agencies
  • Twenty case studies of U.S. transportation P3 projects and programs. These case studies give particular attention to financial impacts, risk allocation, policy and institutional barriers, and impacts on public welfare, transportation availability, cost and quality.
  • Three white papers, one on best practices in transportation PPP program development, the second on research and policy issues for transportation P3s, and the third on P3 Renegotiation.
  • The Center’s 2nd Annual P3 conference in May 2015, “Public-Private Partnerships: Building on 20 Years of Experience.”
  • Co-sponsorship of the American Road & Transportation Builders Association’s 25th, 26th and 27th Annual P3s in Transportation Conferences.
  • Co-sponsorship of Mobility Lab’s Transportation Camp Conference in January 2015 and 2016.
  • Conference coordinator for the International Scientific Committee’s panel on Financing Policies for PPP Infrastructure Projects.
  • Co-sponsor of the 2015 International Conference on Public-Private Partnerships (ICPPP)
  • Testimony at the House Committee on Small Business: Hearing on Surface Transportation in June 2015.
  • Regular briefings on P3 policy to other federal, state, local and international stakeholders and decision makers.
  • Numerous papers presented and briefings given at research, academic, and trade conferences to include APPAM, NARSC, IBTTA, NCPPP, the World Bank, and various universities.
  • Support for fifteen doctoral students engaged in research on transportation PPPs.
  • Seven peer-reviewed journal articles.
  • Creation of an advisory board of leaders in research, industry and government to guide the research, education and training programs.

In 2011, the Commonwealth of Virginia established the Virginia Office of Public-Private Partnership (VAP3) to facilitate a programmatic approach to P3s across Virginia transportation agencies. The Center works closely with VAP3 to advance its aims and to supply the educational framework that fills a workforce pipeline to ensure the Commonwealth’s continued success and leadership in the arena.

Expanding Support

Mason’s Center for Transportation P3 Policy seeks to expand engagement of the private sector in its activities and dialogue. Corporate and not-for-profit investment is the backbone of meaningful engagement. To reap the benefits of the Center’s resources, private sector stakeholders are currently engaged to:

  • Participate in an Advisory Board that provides guidance to research and education projects currently underway through the Center;
  • Refine and implement specific activities to advance understanding and appropriate application of P3s; and
  • Provide financial and in-kind resources (e.g., personnel, software, access to data) that raise the profile of corporate and organizational leadership vis-a-vis P3 innovation while leveraging initial governmental funds.

The range of support options includes:

  • Sponsorship or co-sponsorship of specific analytical or educational activities;
  • Co-sponsorship with other stakeholders of projects of mutual interest;
  • Scholarships in support of doctoral and master’s students; and
  • Philanthropic contributions to the GMU Foundation in support of the Center.

Accomplishments

The Center’s work is contributing to a broadening national policy debate about what role P3s can and should play in transportation renewal and expansion. Recent accomplishments include:

  • Eighteen case studies of U.S. transportation P3 projects and programs (1 published, 4 in review, 2 under revision and 11 in draft). These case studies give particular attention to financial impacts, risk allocation, policy and institutional barriers, and impacts on public welfare, transportation availability, cost and quality. All of the case studies were used for input for the Center’s white papers.
  • Two white papers, one on best practices in transportation PPP program development and the second on research and policy issues for transportation P3s.
  • Co-sponsorship of the American Road & Transportation Builders Association’s 25th and 26th Annual P3s in Transportation Conferences.
  • Regular briefings on P3 policy to federal, state, local and international stakeholders and decision makers.
  • Numerous papers presented to research and academic conferences.
  • Six doctoral students engaged in research on transportation PPPs.
  • Five peer-reviewed journal articles (3 published including 1 case study, 2 revised and resubmitted).
  • Creation of an advisory board of leaders in research, industry and government to guide the research, education and training programs.
  • Creation of an online Library of P3 Research.

Current research includes work on:

  • P3s and air rights. Development using the air rights above highway rights-of-way and around transit stations offers a potential source of funding for P3s. U.S. experience using air rights has been relatively limited. The Center has developed a research brief on this topic.
  • Regional P3s. Many projects that might otherwise be suitable for the use of P3s involve multiple states and/or local jurisdictions. The use of P3s in such situations poses particular challenges. The Center has developed a research brief on this topic.
  • Multimodal P3s. U.S. experience with P3s to date has been dominated by highway projects. The Center has developed a research brief about P3 opportunities and challenges in modes other than highways and with multimodal projects.
  • Renegotiation of P3s. P3s often include concession agreements of 30 or more years. Unanticipated developments, such as economic slowdowns, political changes, and project delays, sometimes give rise to renegotiation of concession agreements. Sometimes such renegotiations lead to increases in government expenditures. The Center has developed a research note on U.S. experience with renegotiations. The Center will also be writing a white paper on U.S. experience with renegotiations in summer 2014 at the request of the International Transport Forum of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.
  • P3 data practices and needs. One of the greatest challenges to research and assessment of P3s is the absence of systematic data about P3s and benchmark information about traditional project delivery, and operations and maintenance. The Center is formulating an international working group on P3 data practices and needs. An initial meeting is planned for April 2014.
  • P3s and U.S. financial market structure. The U.S. infrastructure finance market in which P3s are developing includes a large ($2.9 trillion) municipal bond market that is exempt from federal tax. This feature is not present in most other financial markets around the globe. The Center is developing a research brief on this topic.

George Mason University has earned national and international acclaim for its programs, its faculty and for the quality of professional development it delivers to Virginia’s economy. For more than 20 years, the Schar School of Policy and Government transportation research and education program has provided leadership on the topics that advance the state and the nation in mobility solutions. These include high priority focus areas such as transportation finance, planning, policy, institutional issues, mega-regions, network analysis, intelligent transportation systems, geographic information systems applications in transport, and transportation policy and planning. Its faculty are trained in economics, civil engineering, urban and regional planning, political science and public administration. Graduate students are enrolled in the School’s Ph.D. in Public Policy and innovative Master’s in Transportation Policy, Operations and Logistics degree programs, as well as its master’s programs in International Commerce and Policy, and in Public Policy.

Research

The Center sponsors research on a range of subjects related to P3 policy. Research outputs include peer-reviewed journal articles, participation in research conferences by organizing sessions and presenting research results, working papers, white papers, and research briefs. The Center also sponsors case studies of P3s and has launched an online P3 library.

Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

Socioeconomic impacts of transportation public-private partnerships: A dynamic CGE assessment,” Chen, Zhenhua, Nobuhiko Daito, Jonathan L. Gifford.  2017. Transport Policy. 58, 80-87

“Evaluating highway public-private partnerships: Evidence from U.S. value for money studies,” Kweun, Jeong Yun, Porter K. Wheeler, Jonathan L. Gifford. 2017. Transport Policy. In Press.

Public–private partnerships: a review of economic considerations with particular reference to transportation projects,” Button, Kenneth. 2016.  Transportation Planning and Technology 39:2, 136-161.

Data Review of Transportation Infrastructure Public-Private Partnerships: A Meta-Analysis.” Chen, Zhenhua, Nobuhiko Daito, Jonathan L. Gifford. 2015. Transport Reviews.doi:10.1080/01441647.2015.1076535.

“The Evolution of Virginia’s Public-Private Partnership Enabling Statutes.” Gifford, Jonathan, Morghan Transue. 2015. The Journal of Corporation Law. 141, pp.15-23.

“U.S. Highway Public Private Partnerships: Are They More Expensive or Efficient than the Traditional Model?” Daito, Nobuhiko, and Jonathan L. Gifford. 2014. Managerial Finance. 40 (11): 1131 – 1151, doi: 10.1108/MF-03-2014-0072.

Do State Fiscal Constraints Affect Implementation of Highway Public-Private Partnerships? A Panel Fixed Logit Assessment.” Chen, Zhenhua, Nobuhiko Daito, and Jonathan L. Gifford. 2014. Journal of Transportation Research Forum. 53 (2): 111-128, summer,

“Demand Forecasting Errors and the Ownership of Infrastructure.”Button, Kenneth J., and Zhenhua Chen. 2014. Applied Economics Letters. 21 (7): 494-496, doi: 10.1080/13504851.2013.870642.

“Sharing out the costs of a public-private partnership.” Button Kenneth J., and Nobuhiko Daito. 2014. Applied Economics Letters. 21 (6): 383-386, doi: 10.1080/13504851.2013.856995.

Implementing public-private partnerships during challenging economic times: case study of the 495 Express Lanes on the Virginia portion of the Washington Capital beltway Project (USA).” Daito, Nobuhiko, Zhenhua Chen, Jonathan L. Gifford, Tameka Porter, and John Gudgel. 2013. Case Studies on Transport Policy. 1 (1): 25-45, doi: 10.1016/j.cstp.2013.07.001.

White Papers

Renegotiation of Transportation Public-Private Partnerships: The U.S Experience”  Gifford, Jonathan. Bolaños, Lisardo. Daito, Nobuhiko. George Mason University, 2014.

Public-Private Partnership Lessons Learned and Best Practices.”Wheeler, Porter. George Mason University, 2013.

Public-Private Partnership Research and Policy Issues.” Wheeler, Porter. George Mason University, 2013.

Work Under Review

“Bankruptcy Policy and Surface Transportation Public-Private Partnerships: A Comparative Analysis of the U.S. and Europe.” Gifford, Jonathan L., Lisardo A. Bolaños, Jeong Yun Kweun.

“Renegotiation of Transportation Public-Private Partnerships: The U.S. Experience.” Gifford, Jonathan L., Lisardo A. Bolaños, Nobuhiko Daito, Morghan Transue.

“Understanding the Interaction of Multiple Jurisdictions for Highway Investment: Viability of Public -Private Partnership Alternatives.” Daito, Nobuhiko, Shanjiang Zhu, Jonathan L. Gifford.

Research Conferences

The Governance of Surface Transportation in the 21st Century: VDOT Institutional Responses to Environmental Changes. 2016. Jonathan L. Gifford, Lisardo Bolaños, Nobuhiko Daito, Morghan Transue and Jeong Yun Kweun. Poster presentation at the World Conference on Transport Research, July 10-16, Shanghai, China.

Evaluating Highway Public-Private Partnerships: Evidence from U.S. Value for Money Studies. 2016. Jeong Yun Kweun, Porter K. Wheeler, and Jonathan L. Gifford. Poster presented at the World Conference on Transport Research, July 10-16, Shanghai, China.

Renegotiation of Transportation Public-Private Partnerships: The U.S. Experience. 2016. Jonathan L. Gifford, Lisardo Bolaños, Nobuhiko Daito, Morghan Transue. Accepted for presentation at the World Conference on Transport Research, July 10-16, Shanghai, China.

The Las Vegas Monorail Bankruptcy: Opportunism and Carelessness in Public-Private Partnerships. 2016. Lisardo Bolaños, Morghan Transue, Jonathan L. Gifford.  Accepted for presentation at the World Conference on Transport Research, July 10-16, Shanghai, China.

Renegotiation of Transportation Public-Private Partnerships: The U.S. Experience. 2016. Gifford, Jonathan L., Lisardo Bolaños, and Nobuhiko Daito. Presented at the Transportation Research Board 95th Annual Meeting, January 11, Washington D.C.

A Comparative Analysis of Value for Money Studies: Highway Public-Private Partnerships Projects. 2016. Kweun, Jeong Yun,  Porter K. Wheeler, and Jonathan L. Gifford. Presented at the Transportation Research Board 95th Annual Meeting, January 11, Washington D.C.

Transportation Public-Private Partnerships and Supplier Diversity.2015. Jeong Yun Kweun, Jonathan L. Gifford, and Lisardo A. Bolaños. Presented at the North American Regional Science Council (NARSC), November 11-14, 2015, Portland, Oregon.

Consideration of Procurement Alternatives in Network Design Problems: Genetic Algorithm Approach to Model Highway Public-Private Partnerships. 2015. Nobuhiko Daito, Jonathan L. Gifford, Shanjiang Zhu. Presented at the North American Regional Science Council (NARSC), November 11-14, 2015, Portland, Oregon

Bankruptcy Policy and Surface Transportation Public-Private Partnerships: A Comparative Analysis of the U.S. and Europe. 2015. Jonathan Gifford, Lisardo Bolaños, and Jeong Yun Kweun. Presented at the Fourth Annual International Public-Private Partnership (P3) Symposium, , September 15, in New York, New York.

Renegotiation of Transportation Public-Private Partnerships: The U.S. Experience. 2015. Gifford, Jonathan L., Lisardo Bolaños, and Nobuhiko Daito. Presented at the International Conference on Public-Private Partnerships, May 26-29, Austin, Texas.

Understanding the Interaction of Multiple Jurisdictions for Highway Investment: Viability of Public-Private Partnership Alternatives. 2015. Daito, Nobuhiko, Shanjiang Zhu, and Jonathan L. Gifford. Presented at the International Conference on Public-Private Partnerships, May 26-29, Austin, Texas.

Review of Infrastructure Public-Private Partnership Data: Meta-Analysis2015. Chen, Zhenhua, Nobuhiko Daito, and Jonathan L. Gifford. Presented at the Transportation Research Board 94th Annual Meeting, January 11-15, Washington D.C.

Understanding the Interaction of Multiple Jurisdictions for Highway Investment: Viability of Public-Private Partnership Alternatives. 2015. Daito, Nobuhiko, Shanjiang Zhu, and Jonathan L. Gifford. Presented at the Transportation Research Board 94th Annual Meeting, January 11-15, Washington D.C.

Public-Private Partnerships under Fiscal Distress and Political Contestability.  2014. Daito, Nobuhiko, Zhenhua Chen, and Marian Moszoro. Presented at the North American Meeting of the Regional Science Association International, November 12-15, Bethesda, MD.

Understanding the Interactions of States for Highway Public-Private Partnerships: A Preliminary Analysis. 2014. Daito, Nobuhiko, Shanjiang Zhu, and Jonathan L. Gifford. Presented at the North American Meeting of the Regional Science Association International, November 12-15, Bethesda, MD.

Impact of Institutions on Transport Toll Rates in the U.S. Kweun, Jeong Yun. 2014. Paper presented at the North American Meeting of the Regional Science Association International, November 12-15, Bethesda, Maryland.

Public-Private Partnerships Under Fiscal Distress and Political Contestability. Daito, Nobuhiko, Zhenhua Chen, and Marian Moszoro. 2014. Paper presented at the 2014 Fall Research Conference of the Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management, November 6-8, Albuquerque, New Mexico.

Renegotiation of Transportation Public-Private Partnerships: The U.S. Experience. 2014. Gifford, Jonathan L., Lisardo Bolaños, and Nobuhiko Daito. Presented at the International Transport Forum Roundtable – Public-Private Partnerships for Transport Infrastructure: Renegotiations, how to approach them and economic outcomes, October 27-28, Washington, D.C.

Efficiency of Public-Private Partnerships: A Frontier Analysis of Highway P3s. Daito, Nobuhiko, and Jonathan L. Gifford. 2013. Paper presented at the 17th International Road Federation World Meeting, November 10-14, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Transportation and Public-Private Partnership Policy. Haynes, Kingsley E. (Chair). 2013. Association for Public Policy Analysis & Management Fall Research Conference. November 7-9, in Washington D.C. Chair: Kingsley E. Haynes.

Public-Private Partnership Policy Primer-Challenges and Best Practices: A U.S. Perspective. Wheeler, Porter, and Jonathan L. Gifford. 2013. Paper presented at the Association for Public Policy Analysis & Management Fall Research Conference, November 7-9, in Washington, D.C.

Extent Transportation PPPs Approximate to the Economic Theory of Bilateral Monopolies. Chen, Zhenhua, and Kenneth J. Button. 2013. Paper presented at the International Conference of Challenges in Public Private Partnership, November 6-7, in Antwerp, Belgium.

Highway Spending and Public-Private Partnerships: A Spatial Panel Perspective. Chen, Zhenhua, Nobuhiko Daito, and Jonathan L. Gifford. 2013. Paper presented at the International Conference on Challenges in Public Private Partnership, November 6-7, in Antwerp, Belgium.

State of Research on Transportation Public-Private Partnerships in Virginia: A Way Forward Gifford, Jonathan L. 2013. Presented at the National Center for Transportation Systems Productivity and Management, Georgia Institute of Technology. October 10. Atlanta, GA.

U.S. Public-Private Partnerships: Prospects for the Future. Gifford, Jonathan L. 2013. Presented at the World Conference on Transportation. July 15-18, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Efficiency of Highway Delivery, Operation and Maintenance: A Frontier Analysis Approach. Daito, Nobuhiko, and Jonathan L. Gifford. 2013. Paper presented at the International Conference of Innovation in Public Finance, June 17-19, in Milan, Italy.

Research Needs for Virginia Transportation Public-Private Partnership Policy. Daito, Nobuhiko, Zhenhua Chen, and Jonathan L. Gifford. 2013. Paper presented at the 92nd Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board, January 13-17, in Washington, D.C.

The Spatial Perspective of Procurements: A Case Study of Public-Private Partnerships. Daito, Nobuhiko, Zhenhua Chen, and Jonathan L. Gifford. 2012. Paper presented at the 59th Annual North American Meeting of the Regional Science Association, November 7-10, in Ottawa, Canada.

Case Studies

Case Study Topic Type Location Status Research Lead
*495 Express Lanes Highway VA Published Tameka Porter
*EAGLE P3 Transit CO Final Review John E. Gudgel
*Hudson-Bergen Light Rail Transit NJ Final Review Elle Wang
*Port of Miami Tunnel Tunnel FL Final Review Kyung-Min Lee
*Virginia Midtown Tunnel Tunnel VA Final Review Chang Kwon
*Las Vegas Monorail Transit NV Final Revision Lisardo Bolaños Fletes
*South Bay Expressway Highway CA Final Revision Lisardo Bolaños Fletes
Chicago Skyway, Illinois Highway IL Complete Elle Wang
Columbia River Crossing (I-5) Bridge WA-OR Complete Eun-Jung Park
The Heartland Corridor Rail VA Complete Nathan Dorfman
I-95 HOT Lanes Highway VA Complete Venkataramana Yanamandra
I-595 Managed Lanes Highway FL Complete Chang Kwon
Knik Arm Crossing Bridge AK Complete Eun-Jung Park
Route 3 North Highway MA Complete Tameka Porter
Northwest Parkway Highway CO Complete Tameka Porter
Pocahontas Parkway (Route 895) Highway VA Complete Eun-Jung Park
Southern Connector Highway SC Complete Venkataramana Yanamandra
US 36 Managed Lanes/Bus Rapid Transit Highway/Transit CO Complete John E. Gudgel

Graduate Education

The Center supports graduate education in transportation P3 policy and practice through the George Mason University  (schar.gmu.edu).

The Schar School of Policy and Government offers a graduate seminar in infrastructure public-private partnerships (P3s) taught by Center Director Jonathan Gifford.

The course provides a comprehensive review of the economic, financial and governance issues surrounding infrastructure P3s. It includes U.S. and international experience with P3s in transportation and social infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, public buildings).  The course also includes evaluation frameworks such as Value for Money (VfM) analysis and financial models as well as guest lectures by P3 experts and global P3 concessionaires.

For more information on the infrastructure P3 seminar, contact jgifford@gmu.edu.

The Schar School of Policy and Government curricula include high priority focus areas such as transportation finance, planning, policy, institutional issues, mega-regions, network analysis, intelligent transportation systems, geographic information systems applications in transport, and transportation policy and planning. Its faculty are trained in economics, civil engineering, urban and regional planning, political science and public administration. Graduate students are enrolled in the School’s Ph.D. in Public Policy and innovative Master’s in Transportation Policy, Operations and Logistics degree programs, as well as its master’s programs in International Commerce and Policy, and in Public Policy.

For more information on Schar School of Policy and Government graduate education, contact schar@gmu.edu.

Executive Education

The Center’s executive education and outreach programs include:

  • A one-day short course on P3 policy targeted to state and local government agency staff.
  • Participation in panels, forums, roundtable discussions and workshops of industry, government and professional groups interested in learning about P3 developments in Virginia and across the U.S. Visit the Events page for information on future and past events.
  • The Center’s research program of publications, conference presentations and the Library of P3 Research also serve executive education and outreach.

The following resources are among those currently offered by the Center to interested students and executives:

Presentations

Innovating Public Service Delivery With P3s. Wheeler, Porter K. 2013. Congressional Public-Private Partnership Caucus. Presenter/panelist, November 19 in Washington D.C.

Public-Private Partnership Policy Challenges and Best Practices. Wheeler, Porter K. 2013. Presentation to The Committee of 100 on the Federal City. Meeting of September 20, in Washington, D.C.

Public-Private Partnerships (PPP) Research & Education Needs. Gifford, Jonathan L. 2012. Presented at the 24th Annual P3 in Transportation Conference of the American Road & Transportation Builders Association, October 10-12, in Washington, D.C.

Conference and Workshop Development

“Reaching Commercial Close for a P3.” Gifford, Jonathan L. (Moderator). 2013. The 25th American Road & Transportation Builders Association Annual P3 in Transportation Conference. July 24-26 in Washington, D.C.

“Canadian and U.S. P3s: A Comparative Discussion.” Kojima, Yukiko (Moderator). 2013. The 25th American Road & Transportation Builders Association Annual P3 in Transportation Conference. July 24-26, in Washington, D.C.

“Recent State P3 Legislation.” Wheeler, Porter K. (Moderator). 2013. The 25th American Road & Transportation Builders Association Annual P3 in Transportation Conference. July 24-26, in Washington, D.C.

Partnerships

The Center would like to thank the following businesses and organizations for their sponsorship and support.

FINANCIAL SUPPORTERS

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IN-KIND SUPPORTERS

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Alumni

Policy Grad Becomes Bike-Sharing Trailblazer

POL Alumni Story: Paul DeMaio

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